Symptoms and Treatment of Mastitis in Dogs

Mastitis in Dogs

Mastitis in dogs is commonly an infection that is present in the mammary glands. It is mostly seen in female dogs, which are all nursing for a little puppy. But, sometimes it also affects non-breeding dogs. During nursing, the dog’s teats became cracked and split, this opening allows the bacteria to enter and thus spread the infection. Once it occurs, the infection spreads throughout the mammary tissue and does not take much time to cause a serious issue. Thus, it is enormously painful for the affected dogs. If it is not treated quickly, then it will became incurable.

Symptoms of Mastitis in Dogs

After infection, our dogs might exhibit several different infections. The first sign to notice is that they will not allow their pups to nurse because of the pain. Exactly, we may hear the loud crying sound from the pups that they never stop. Of course, they are lethargic and continuously ask their mom by touching their paw. If we think that our dog has mastitis, these are the symptoms that we can keep our eye on to watch.

  • Very hard to touch the mammary glands.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Mammary glands become redness and swelling.
  • Total change in their behaviour including fever or lethargy.
  • Mammary glands became hot and painful.
  • Does not care about their puppies.

Diagnosing Mastitis in Dogs

Mastitis in Dog

Unfortunately, they are lucky because mastitis is easy to notice in an early stage. By looking the mammary glands, we can spot whether they are affected from mastitis or not. Yet, it might show some good sign of infections. It is important to take our dogs to the vet because they only figure out in a right way. We should not only make the dogs free from infection and also make them as comfortable as possible. If the infection is not treated for long time, then it will be very dangerous for the puppies. Yet, the affected dogs were not able to feed them due to their pain. Get the veterinary treatment in a right way and the treatment is needed only in the severe condition.

Treating Mastitis in Dogs


There are many treatment options available for mastitis which depends upon the time and extensive duration of the infection. If the infection is found soon, an antibiotic is enough to clean the infection. And it gives an easy way to treat mastitis. This solution will run only from 10 to 14 days and it would be completed even before when the symptoms disappear.

When the dogs are under the treatment of antibiotics, we have to help them by applying warm compresses to the affected areas in teats. Yet, it reduces the pressure and even supports milk to flow. If it arises, save it in a container to hand-feed the pups. While, should not allow their pups to nurse. There is no more chance anyway we have to do it for the pups. Even the vet did not like to nurse the pups from affected teats. If the infection is not cured in an early stage, the mammary glands may need to drained or lanced. Earlier than, the infected dogs placed under the control of local or general anesthetic (used to promote sleep and relieve pain). Usually, the dogs will be placed on an IV (Intravenous) drip therapy, which helps to control the infection.

In most critical stage, the vet may remove the full mastectomy of the entire mammary gland. This is a very crucial step, only the vets use it as a last resort. If the mastitis is found in another type of dogs like olden one, they need not suppose to nursing the pups. Typically, an extra test will be needed to done to find an incurable disease such as cancer in the mammary gland.

How to Prevent Mastitis in Dogs

To make our dogs and their pups feel happy and healthy, prevention is important. However, mastitis is not common and it is not a severe condition. But, anticipation is vital to keep and help our dogs free from diseases. Mostly, mastitis is limited in lactating female dogs. So, one of the great ways to prevent them is spayed though they cannot become pregnant again. However, there are other options available for prevention that can also be done for dogs who are all nursing their pups. They are as follows.

  • Regularly clean the litter’s bedding.
  • Trimming the nails of the pups to avoid any cuts on the teats.
  • Always keep the underside and teats clean especially when they are going outside.
  • Not allow them to splash their urine on mammary glands because it will become heavier and larger than normal.

Mastitis in dog’s leads to severe conditions, not every case will help with natural remedies. But we have to do our duty of watching our female dogs carefully and keep them safe from infection. If we have seen any symptoms that get worse, don’t go away please see a medical professional.

How to keep your dog away from illness?

sick dog

Signs and symptoms:

  • Coughing.
  • Sneezing.
  • Dry skin.
  • Stomach upset.
  • Halitosis/bad breath.
  • Itchiness.
  • Cloudy or red eyes.
  • Weight loss or gain.
  • Excessive urination.
  • Excessive drooling.
  • Excessive drinking.
  • Changes in appetite.
  • Excessive sleeping.
  • Extreme panting.
  • Changes in level of activity.
  • Change in attitude.
  • Laboured breathing.

If we notice that your dog has any of these symptoms or if they have any changes in their character or behaviour, then, we need to consult your vet, without any hesitation. Here, there are a few common tests available, which may recommend some signs that, your dog exhibits. Do not know, how to react after analyzing their symptoms. Come on; let’s have a glance regarding the types of test have been preferred.

  • Electrolyte testing results out dehydration and electrolyte imbalances.
  • Infection disease testing.
  • Heartworm testing.
  • Tick-borne illness testing.
  • Urine screens.
  • Thyroid tests.
  • Blood count tests.
  • ECG screening.

These above tests indicate some certain rules of underlying conditions which your dogs having some symptoms of illness. The vet may provide the info regarding several numbers of tests which suits your dog. However, some tests can be an expensive one.

Treatment options


If we found out that your dog is sick, then, we should prefer an effective way of treatment. Where, it depends upon the particular ailment/disease. According to the suggestion of your vet, the dog can be treated. Still, it is very important to follow the instructions and advices of your vet, so, that your pup could able to make a complete recovery as soon as possible. Even though treatment may plan as an easy prescription for a few medicines, some other may require larger intensive treatments. It just depends on dog’s particular situation or it may vary from one case to another.

Home remedies

Some home remedies may be the good solution for treating symptoms, but here, we never suggest any home remedy because, it’s just like putting a band-aid on the problem. If we want to treat diarrhea, when, it is in under lying conditions. Then, we need to self-diagnose your dog and view some serious health concerns on your hands. Simply, cover up the symptoms with home remedies, as it before, leads to harmful conditions.

Basic tips to keep your dog healthy


The initial step is to analyze your dog’s food, whether it consists of high quality food or not. Usually, pets consuming a protein rich foods and nutrients are assumed to be healthier. Dogs having shiner coat, perfect functioning of eye and strong outer coat are said to be healthier. It ensures that a well balanced diet provides a good immune system and enhances the digestive system, joints and bones. We must be familiar with all the life style requirement of your dog either in maintenance/growth.

  • Avoids obesity in dogs: The overweight in pets leads to more health issues when compare to the other pets, who maintains a normal weight. Obesity does not have the aim to attack hearts, but also have the chances of aggressive stress at the joints. Only vet could help you, to lose a few pounds of weight and gives the best method to reduce weight of your dogs in a healthier way. The diet, exercise and weight loss will be a good start for the initial treatment.
  • A regular visit: Taking a regular treatment for every year, is quite important. If you skip a regular observation, it will increase the risk. Many vet cards are available in websites that allows your dog to get treatment in comfortable time.
  • Ensure proper dental health: Most of the people do not know the importance of maintaining dogs’ mouth clean. While, it is quite significant to have a keen note on about the cleanliness of your dogs mouth, because it contains some infectious disease for major sickness. By proper cleaning of your dogs’ mouth regularly, helps to avoid the attacks of plague building up in your mouth. A dry kibble formula is designed for optimal dental health and maintains the healthier gums and teeth, of your lovable pet.
  • Protect your dog: Many people are lethargic about their dogs health, will leads to dangerous to dog. This put them at risk in more ways, than you would know. Just protect your dog from other wild animals or even exposed to some infectious diseases. If you like to let them outside, make sure that we can do it in a larger/fence areas, so, that there won’t be any risk. It is very essential to keep your dog healthier. In case, if you notice the symptoms earlier that helps a speedy recovery of your dog.

Don’t regret some signs because this may also lead to some drastic conditions and even resulted in death.

How to use Antihistamine in Dogs

allergy in Dogs

Just like people, sometimes dogs will also get allergies due to pesky insect bites and stings while playing or going outside. In such case, the dog owner will allow the pet to feel better as soon as possible by giving treatment like an antihistamine. Dog owner may have many questions like how do they work? Are they safe? The answer is, this is one of the most effective antihistamines for dogs and it is safe when it is suggested by your vet.

Reason for causes allergies in dogs

Many things that make the dog to get allergic, like a human most of the dog have different allergies depends on the age. Most common allergies are airborne, which means dog inhale it before showing the symptoms. Another type of allergies may also available such as bee stings and flea bites these too can also causes allergy.

Some allergies in dogs occurred due to environmental factors such as pollen, hay and grass and the symptoms will present during dog exposing them. This type of allergy is easy to treat by taking a simple blood test, your vet will find what type of allergy is that. If they found any positive sign of allergy, then they can help the dog by giving the medicine such as antihistamines.

Certain food can also cause an allergic reaction in dogs, it is difficult to find this type of allergy and it also little bit challenge to give treatment. Chronic ear infection or feet are constantly red instead of itching and sneezing, these are the symptoms of this allergy. An even blood test can also diagnose a food allergy in dogs.

Parasites and dust mites are the common way to cause allergies in dogs; the symptoms are more than the mild itching that comes with infestations. When a dog gets allergic due to fleas, then they also get allergic to saliva of the insects. So that the affected dog experience excessive itching, it makes one or two critters on their body.

The best treatment for flea allergies is giving topical treatment by using the ointments such as antihistamine that can be applied directly to the skin.

What are the Antihistamines are available for dogs?


Histamine is a chemical that formed inside the body of affected pet, this allergen will attach to the tissues mast cell in skin. The best solution to treat histamine is an antihistamine. Now there are many antihistamines are available on the market, that are safe and most of them are appropriate for your dog.

Chlorpheniramine is a mild antihistamine used to treat pet allergies and itching in dogs. chlorpheniramine is a brand name, that is available in the form of tablet, capsules, or syrup. Clemastine is another type of antihistamine known as “Tavist”, both of these antihistamines is very effective. Benadryl is another type of antihistamine; most of the pet owners suggest this in order to treat their dog’s allergy symptoms. Benadryl is very effective and it helps to stop many symptoms of the most common allergies such as swelling and excessive itching. The standard dosage for Benadryl is 1mg per pound of body weight. Dog owner can give 2-3 times per day to cure the disease.

Diphenhydramine is a powerful ingredient and the products that contain this ingredients is “Benadryl” for allergies. Other products such as Benadryl allergy plus congestion will contain active ingredient that are too harmful to your pet.

Common side effects while using Antihistamine for Dogs

Sometime feeding antihistamine, cause side effects to your pet. Some of the side effects are as follows:

  • Dry mouth.
  • Dizziness.
  • Excessive barking.
  • Excessive hunger or thirst.
  • Blurry vision.
  • Confusion.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Increased or decreased blood pressure.
  • Diarrhea.

While feeding antihistamine, check whether, your pet has any symptoms that are mentioned above, then immediately have to consult the vet.

The way to introduce Antihistamine to your Dog

Determining an antihistamine in your dog is a little bit tricky. Many antihistamines may not work for most of the dog because sometime it appears fallaciously to work. While you giving antihistamine to your dog, be sure that if it could affects their body or not (side effects).

Start giving antihistamine to your pet if it suffers from allergies. Most of the dog owner says that it affects mostly during the spring and the summer. Ignore the medicine if you are not very sure about it; before going to give, it’s better to consult a vet. After taking this medicine, if your dog shows any improvement then we need to stop giving it to the dog temporarily. If their symptoms return, be sure that the allergies are still present at their bodies. During that time you have to continue giving the medicine to the dog.

If the current antihistamine cannot suits to your pets, speak to your vet about trying a different type of antihistamine. Suggest the treatment that is related to your dog symptoms with proper vet consultant.

Providing antihistamine is not a proper way to cure allergies, it is only a way to suppress the symptoms and make your pet comfortable during at that moment. Now there are many antihistamines are available, if your pet gets affected give the dog, an antihistamine that is related to the symptoms of the disease.

How Cushing disease affecting Dogs severly?


If you notice that your pet dog experiences a sudden slow down in its overall energy levels and attitude, then it may be of two reasons – either its because of older age or it could be Cushing’s syndrome.

Hyperadrenocorticism is a condition common in older dogs, which affects the adrenal glands of the body. Cushing syndrome occurs, when your dog’s body produces a hormone called cortisol. This chemical responds to control weight, stress, fight infections and even a frequent checking of sugar levels in blood. Yet, this disease is treatable, which results in longer life span and allows to get more comfortable life of your dogs. Dogs at the age of six or above are mostly gets affected, and it also acquires in younger one also. Usually, the affected dog’s shows some changes such as weight gain, urinate in house, lose hair and makes the owners to began prematurely, consider as euthanasia. Every year, nearly 100,000 dogs are diagnosed with Cushing disease in the United States, where, this disease seems, to be rarely seen in cats also.

Cushing disease and its severe effects in dogs?

A small percentage of dogs with Cushing disease can have a tumor that develops on one of the adrenal glands that may or may not be change as cancerous. This form of Cushing’s is called as adrenal dependent, resulting from a direct increased level of cortical production by the adrenal gland tumor, Hyperadrenocorticism which is commonly known as “Cushing’s disease”. The adrenal glands is located near kidney and produces a several vital substances that help to regulate a different body functions to sustain life, for their necessity/convenience. The widely known substance is Cortisol, which is commonly called as ‘cortisone’. The excessive production of these substances specially, cortisol may be create as life-threatening one.

This Cushing disease is one that takes place on two different types, which includes adrenal-dependent Cushing’s and pituitary-dependent Cushing’s. Pituitary-dependent Cushing’s occurs, when the pituitary gland in the brainoverproduces a hormone that signals to the adrenal gland. The excess amount of cortisol leads to a number of signs and symptoms for the required treatment. Though, the adrenal-dependent Cushing is not well known, when compared to that of pituitary-dependent Cushing’s. Here, the presence of tumour needs to be removed surgically and it also has the possibility of wide-spread naturally. The increase of cortisol in the system occurs, in both the types of Cushing disease. Mainly, this infection occurs only in bladder and also suppresses the immune system, when they are more susceptible to bacterial infections.

What are the Symptoms can get from Cushing disease?

Cushing disease in dog

The affected one develops a classic combination of clinical signs and lesions, resulted in elevate glucocorticoids (steroids). Certain medications play an important role that is given to dogs such as ‘prednisone’. Most dogs show the symptom at the age of one to six year before the disease is being diagnosed. Gradually, it occurs when the owner often attributes some changes to old age while only a few dogs shows the symptom, while others may have many. These diseases develop slowly, but the signs are not noticed earlier and the major symptom in dog includes:

  • Hair loss.
  • Extended belly.
  • Increased in urination.
  • Thinner skin.
  • Panting.
  • Blackheads on the skin and recurrent skin infections.
  • Shrinking of testicles.
  • Lethargy.
  • Obesity.
  • Increased in hunger.
  • Changes in gait.
  • Bruising happens, due to its delicate blood vessels.
  • The sudden blood clot in the lungs, leads to difficulty in breathing.
  • Enlargement of abdomen, results in pot bellied appearance.
  • An increase in appetite and thirst is significant. so, it does not consume any sufficient food or water.

Test are available for Diagnosing Cushing’s disease

dog ultrasound

There are number of tests are available to diagnose and to confirm Cushing’s disease, such as the ACTH stimulation tests and low-dose dexamethasone suppression test, urine cortisol and 17-hydroxyprogesterone persists to determine the disease. An abdominal ultrasound examination plays a valuable part to diagnose the disease. Ultrasound lets the vet to see the adrenal glands and to determine their size and presence of tumour.

The cost is expensive, where they are necessary to regulate the best treatment and prognosis for your pet. Still, it is very essential that you should prefer vet and so that, he will be able to review dog’s history to take blood and urine samples. These samples are tested for white blood cells in order to identify an enzyme of the liver, which is known as ALP. The high sugar level content may also increase the cholesterol level in the blood. There is no single test to diagnose Cushing’s disease which is difficult to diagnose accurately.

Treatment that helps to cure from Cushing’s disease


Once the diagnose has been done then the treatment for Cushing’s disease begin to start. Pituitary-induced from Cushing’s disease is the most complicated one. It is quite easy to treat with an oral medication that is prescribed as Lysodren and Mitotane. This initial treatment is known as the ’induction period’. Selegiline hydrochloride is also used to treat canine Cushing’s disease. Sometimes, the adrenal tumor requires a major abdominal surgery, in order to remove the most dangerous and cancerous in adrenal glands.

Even though the surgery is successful, the entire tumor is not malignant and there is a chance to regain the normal health. While, there is no complete cure for Cushing’s disease, if the dogs suffer from pituitary-dependent cushing’s disease typically can recover from certain symptoms, once the treatment has been started or when the induction period will get over. Apart from surgical process, the radiation method is more essential to treat, that directs to shrink the size of pituitary tumor.

Moreover, also it performs an effective role on smaller size of tumor, to reduce the symptoms of pituitary dependent Cushing’s disease. During treatment some symptoms may disappear, while others will take some time to recover faster.


Although in most dogs, Cushing disease cannot be cured fully, but the quality of life can be improved, so that their life may extend, with an early intervention. Often, it is possible to manage the disease for years. As a pet owner, be aware of the signs of Cushing’s and the treatment available for curing it.

Cataracts in Dogs can cause complete Blindness in dogs

dog eyes

Cataracts is a disease, which affects dog and causes some troubles in the vision of dogs. A cataract is an area in the lens of dogs eyes, which when affected will lose its translucency and becomes almost opaque because of that disease. The affected dogs will have blurry vision due to the cataracts infection. Cataracts usually start out very small and do not make any trouble in the dog’s vision too much at the initial stages. However, its very important for a pet owner to keenly watch and observe the growth and vigor of the disease. Moreover, the affected pet has to be checked on a regular basis and must be treated well or else it could lead to complete blindness if the cataracts developed completely.

Causes of Cataracts in Dogs

There are few reasons for cataracts as given below:

  • An injury or trauma to the area of eye.
  • Whatever might be the disease that affects the area of the eye, could also become a reason for causing cataracts.
  • Aging reasons.
  • Diabetes.
  • Especially, the most common cause of cataracts is the genetics. In some genetic conditions, the disease can transfer from the dog’s parents. Due to this, a dog might be born with cataracts and it could develop in a pup between the ages of one to three.

The need for seeking an appointment of vet

Cataracts in Dogs

If we notice that our dog’s eyes are becoming cloudy, we must take them to a vet immediately. This condition might not always due to cataract, but instead, it might be a nuclear sclerosis, which is a natural clouding of the eye that happens due to the aging of the dogs. The most dangerous cataracts should never be left untreated, so we should ask a vet and make sure that there are no cataracts in our pet’s eyes.

In case, if a dog that is being affected with cataract is left untreated, then the cataract layer gets detached from the tissue that is holding it within the lens of the eyes. When this happens, the cataract layer floats around the eyes; though it can’t make a great bother to the dog, yet, it leads to further damage by blocking natural fluid damage as it settles down in a new spot. This will become the basic cause for glaucoma, which can lead to complete blindness in the dog.

If the dog has been affected with cataracts is being left untreated for a longer period of time, it will lead to the loss of some tissues. But by nature, this condition may sometime lead the dogs body to take care by itself. However, this may effectively create some pain and even damage the whole vision of the dog. So, its certainly a right time for every dog owner to seek help from vet to sort out this problem.

Breeds that get easily affected by cataracts

Boston terriers

A cataract has the possibility to develop at some point in a dog’s life. It surely affects at any age or any breed. However, there are some specific breeds which are more prone to cataracts. They are:

  • Standard and miniature poodles.
  • Miniature schnauzers.
  • Boston terriers.
  • Silky terriers.
  • Bichon Frise.
  • Havanese.
  • American cocker spaniels.
  • Smooth fox terriers.

Diagnosing the cataracts in Dogs


If your dog is suffering from cataracts, then immediately take the dog to a vet as soon as possible, so as to prevent it’s condition from getting into a worse case. The vet can able to detect the presence of disease through a simple eye exam. But in some cases, they may refer us to a veterinary ophthalmologist for further treatment.

Treating cataracts in Dogs

The most common treatment for cataracts is lens replacing surgery. This surgery is very simple which is performed by a veterinary ophthalmologist. He will remove the lens completely from the eye and replace it with an artificial lens which is made up of either plastic or acrylic materials.

This surgery is common to all and has a very good success rate. We must know one thing that not all dogs are undergoing the surgery, because of underlying conditions, old age and other factors are make the dog ineligible for cataract surgery.

The maintenance of the dog after the surgery is very critical one because, this surgery would require a great deal of postoperative care. This includes the use of a collar, which prevents a dog from rubbing or damaging the eyes and we must put eye drops several times a day for several weeks as well as possible. Those collar and eye drops may make our dogs become stressed and upset, so we also make its environment as quiet and calm as possible.

Preventing ways from Cataracts

Most cataracts cannot be prevented, but there are some steps that can hold dog’s vision. At first, we must know about all conditions of our dog, which may have trauma on the eye and diabetes. These both are supposedly being the huge reasons for cataracts. The genetic issues are also playing vital role in the development of cataracts. So, we also find out the full medical history of the dog’s parents.

The finest and easiest way to prevent cataracts is to take our dog to the vet regularly for the full check-up. At the time of these visits, the vet will examine dog’s eyes and verify for signs of discoloring to bluish- grey or cloudy look. A regular visit can help to diagnose cataracts earlier and it leads to minimize the damages of that disease.

Cataracts in dogs can be very serious because this disease can lead to blindness. However, the diagnosing and treating the dog can be so simple. The essential thing is that, we must take our dog to the vet regularly and check its eye and make sure whether any cataract has developed or not. These processes will certainly avoid the dog from being affected with further damages.

Anesthesia Sensitivity in Dogs and Proper Medications

Anesthesia Sensitivity in Dogs

Anesthesia, is certainly a basic requirement that finds its application among our pets as same as like us during their surgery. Many dog owners are worried about the veterinary procedure that takes part in a surgery and the right time at when their dogs need to be anesthetized. Basically, there are two kinds of anesthesia, ‘local’ and ‘general’. The local anesthesia is the one that is being used to numb a specific area of a body, whereas, general anesthesia is the kind that renders the patient the feel of unconsciousness.

Many pet owners are fearful of the after effect precipitate of surgery to perceive whether their dogs are sensitive towards anesthesia. In real anesthesia, sensitivity in dogs is very rare and it’s simply not true except for one breed, the Greyhound.

The misconception about anesthesia sensitivity

The two main facts for the misconception that all dog breeds are sensitive towards anesthesia are because of:

  1. Barbiturates, a drug widely used in veterinary offices as an anesthetic before the year 2000:
    Barbiturates is a kind of drug which was used in early years; it produces a wide spectrum of effects from mild sedation to total anesthesia. Before the year 2000, pets that undergo any surgery were only given this drug instead of anesthesia. After surgery, the recovery of this drug was too slow and the effects of them last much longer. This was certainly because barbiturates needs to move into the fat of the animal, where it could be then metabolized. This recovery process is even more slow for the low fat animals than the other breeds.
    The pet owners with pets that had surgery in early years have spread this misconception of anesthesia sensitivity all over the globe.
  2. Veterinary uses medicines of different types:
    A wide variety of medicines are available in the market for anesthesia. The most interesting part here is that, among those medicines only few are of high quality and a greater portion of the other medicines are cheaper with only low effect. Since few vets use these sub-standard products, it further leads to arise many after effects (severe problems) for our beloved pets. Moreover, if the problem exists for a longer period of time, the vet easily blames the pet owners about their dog’s sensitiveness towards anesthesia and certainly without any other choice, the pet owners have to believe the words of the vet.

Breeds that might be sensitive to anesthesia


Though its clear that sensitivity to anesthesia in dogs doesn’t exist for a longer time. Yet, there is one breed that is very sensitive to anesthesia.

The Greyhound is certainly one breed that is very sensitive towards anesthesia unlike the sensitiveness of other breeds towards anesthesia. These breeds are very sensitive to the medicines, because they don’t have an enzyme (Cytochrome p450) that makes the body to process anesthesia properly. Greyhounds are susceptible to hypothermia when they are under anesthesia, so they must be placed on a safe heat source while undergoing any procedure of anesthetized.

Giving anesthesia to small breeds such as Bichon fries, Bolognese, Dachshund, etc is a difficult task because their blood vessels are small like them, so proper placement of catheter IV will be more difficult to find out.

How to deal with Anesthesia and Dogs

Before taking our dog to anesthesia, make sure that the veterinarian knows the complete history of our dog. And if our dog needs a surgery with anesthesia, always make sure that we work with a vet who has been certified by the board of veterinarians.

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Roundworms in Dogs and its side effects and its treatment


Roundworms live inside the infected dog’s intestines and feed off of their intestines. These “spaghetti-like” structured worms are typically a few inches long with light brown or white in colour. Roundworms in dogs are also known as “Toxocara Canis“. It might become a very serious problem, if it has left untreated; because each parasite can produce upto 85,000 of eggs per day. Moreover, they are highly contagious. Hence, it is most important to sort out what would be the exact cause of this infection in your pet; as it helps to figure out proper treatment for this infection and preventive measures.

Causes of Roundworms in Dogs

Roundworms are very common in dogs and other animals. But puppies are especially at high risk. The reason is, if a mother is infected by roundworms, their puppies could also possess the maximum possibility to get contracted by them, either, in-utero or after breastfeeding her milk.

Also, dogs and puppies can be infected by roundworms, even from the environment. Usually, dogs would ingest the roundworms, when they happen to eat other animal’s feces. Hence, the larvae from the hatched eggs will travel to the dog’s liver and then to the windpipe; in this condition it will cause the dog to cough and swallow the larvae. Those larvae will grow into adult roundworms, in the dog’s intestine. There they began to reproduce and multiply a lot by laying eggs and hatch. Hence, it will further cause the infection to go severe; likewise, your dog would become very sick.

Symptoms of Roundworms in Dogs

sick dog

The very basic symptom of roundworm that you can look for in your dog is: visible presence of roundworm in your dog’s vomit and poop. If you notice for them, take your pet immediately to your vet. Even though the presence of roundworms seems to be fairly evident, still the vet will perform testing of samples, to determine the severity of the infection, thus he will be able to give the right treatment.

Other additional symptoms include:

  • Enlargement of abdomen, which gives the dog, a pot-belly look.
  • Sudden weakness and inability even to complete the regular activities such as walking.
  • Presence of sore abdomen.
  • Vomiting.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Lacklustre coat, which means lack of shine.
  • Sudden or rapid weight loss.

Treatment for Roundworms in Dogs


The most prescribed deworming drug, by the vet includes:

  • Fenbendazole.
  • Moxidectin.
  • Milbemycin.
  • Nitroscanate.
  • Pyrantel.
  • Piperazine.

Those above drugs should be taken in different doses. In the first dose itself, all the adult worms will get killed, and then the follow-up doses will eliminate the rest of the worms, which were not developed enough during the first dose. After the successful completion of treatments, still the dogs will be examined, at least once or twice a year, as a goal of prevention from roundworms. Whereas in small pups, two to four times, in a year will be enough, for analysing the presence for roundworms.

Since, these kind of parasitic infections are very common among young pups; the deworming treatments are often given for pups, even though, if they do not have infection of roundworms. Usually, these treatments are given, when the pups are around two or three weeks old.

Prevention of Roundworms in Dogs

dog sleeps

Being roundworms are extremely contagious, they are common in animals. And the best thing is, although they are common, their treatments are quite effective and easy to follow. Moreover, if you are maintaining your dog’s health in a good condition, you can effectively prevent this infection. Hence, keep your dog always healthy and happy.

Moreover, if you own a pup, just start the deworming procedures, when he or she is around three weeks old. Meanwhile, before you are getting a puppy from other person or by any other means, make sure about the deworming process that previously had been done or not.

Particularly, female dogs should be treated before they allowed for breeding, because during her pregnancy, the roundworms can easily transmit to her pups “in-utero”.

Further, regularly clean your dog’s areas, including the place where they sleep, eat and play.

Make sure to dispose your pet’s poop properly, and clean the area with a disinfectant solution. Meanwhile, keep your pet away from wild animals almost possible, even including mice and squirrels. Ensure that they are always on a leash control; and protected inside by a fence stands.

Apart from that, according to the vet’s advice, give heartworm drugs to your dog to safeguard your dog’s health. These medications also contain an active ingredient that also helps in the prevention of roundworms.


Roundworms in dogs are really something that every dog owner fears about. But in reality, it is not that harmful, as they think. But in contrast, they are very common and could easily treatable. So, all you need to do is, at once if you suspect for the symptoms of roundworm in your dogs, take your pets immediately to the vet, he/she will prescribe the right drug according to its severity. Hence, your dog will recover soon. Meantime, it is absolutely necessary to know about its prevention measures, therefore, you can prevent its further occurrence.

Neutering a dog

Neutering a dog can really save thousands of dogs from being left unsheltered

dog neutering

A surgical removal of male dog’s testicles, including his testicular epididymal section of testicular blood vessels, and spermatic ducts is known as “neutering a dog”. Fundamentally, this process is carried out to remove any such part that is responsible for sperm production, sperm maturation, and secretion of testosterone of male dogs is removed. After removing these parts, male dogs are incapable of impregnating females and producing offspring.

The process of neutering a dog is done both physically and emotionally as its certainly being draining for both the dog and his owner. It is a personal decision taken by the owner. There are several benefits for having a dog neutered and some potential downfalls may also include after surgery. If dog owners decide to have a dog neutered to his pet, the first consideration thing is, about his age and they need care after the surgery.

Reason and benefits of neutering a dog

Many veterinarians and pet advocacy groups also supported for having pets neutered. Because they think that there are lots of benefits in it, few common advantages are listed below.

  • Controlling the pet population
    Nowadays, each and every year thousands of unwanted pets are left on the streets, because they don’t get a proper shelter. It’s not sure that the animals that find a shelter is good well treated and it’s not guaranteed that a pet gets adopted. Dog neutered gives a solution to this problem and helps to control the pet population.
  • Reduction of stray population
    This method is a little bit effective than the above process; neutered male companion dogs do not have the capability to impregnate females.
  • Reduce genetic defects
    Most of the genetic defects or diseases in dogs continue to their children from parental dogs. To avoid this problem inferior genetic traits are kept to a minimum level.
  • Prevention of testicular disease
    Removable of affecting parts are the best way to prevent this disease.

Potential downfalls when neutering a dog

dog obesity

Even though neutering a dog has many benefits, yet, some potential downfalls are also there.

  • Weight or obesity issues
    Every neutered dog requires 25 percent of fewer calories, and if the dogs have lower metabolic rate, then the neutered dogs will be lesser in weight. However, the unawareness of dog owners allow the dogs to eat whatever they’re given. So that, they often begin eating without any control and finally gain more weight. This problem may not happen in all dogs, it can happen to few.
  • Loss of breeding potential
    If we neuter a dog, we can able to prevent them from genetic traits that they don’t seem to look like other breeds. We should prevent the dog from passing valuable genetics after done a neuter.
  • Loss of drive
    Many farmers refuse to neuter their dogs, because the resulting of neutering dogs will not show interest in working, hunting, or herding. And also they a get fear that they’ll lose one of their best worker.
  • It’s costly
    It is true that having a dog neutered requires hundreds of dollars.

Age recommendation


Age is important for the neutered process of the dog. If the neutering process did not happen in right time, then the particular dog may suffer from major complications and might miss out certain benefits of being neutered.

Dog neutered is recommended by most pet owners around the world. Because they get a chance of getting testicular cancer or exhibiting unwanted behaviors due to testosterone. Neutering in dogs prevents them from this problem.

Having a dog neutered before 5 to 7 months recommendation is quite dangerous. Because the organs of puppies are not fully developed, they are not ready to tolerate the drugs like anesthetic. Due to this, young puppies are more likely to suffer severe side effects and they are not suitable for this treatment.

The day of the surgery

Before going to surgery, the vet will go over a number of important things on the day of appointment such as:

  • When you arrive with your dog in the morning for surgery the pet should be fasted.
  • Before going for surgery, the dog will be completely examined by the vet.
  • The dangers, risks, and side effects of the anesthetic will be explained to the pet owners before going to do the surgery.
  • Vet will be asked to sign a consent form.
  • If your dog will be admitted into surgery, the vet will give a time for when you come back and pick up.

Surgical and post-surgical complications

Of course, it is a risk task, certain problem occurs due to this dog neutered such as:

  • Chance to get infection at the wound.
  • Pain after surgery.
  • Breakdown of the sutures or stitches.
  • Swollen, blood-filled scrotum after surgery.
  • Laceration of the penis and urethra.
  • Excessive bleeding of the wound area.
  • Chance to get rectal failure.
  • Death occurs due to anesthetic death.
  • Weight gain.
  • No chance to get aggressive behavior after surgery.

Neutering a dog is a very big decision, and the full responsibility of decision taking goes to pet ownership. We know that there is always a risk associated with any surgery either in dogs or in people. If you think that your dog gets time to neutering, first speak to your vet about it. The pet owner is familiar with this, before allowing their pets for surgery, it will help to take care your pet after the surgery.