Distemper in dogs

Distemper is a viral disease; the canine distemper virus (CDV) causes the disease, which affects the gastrointestinal, respiratory, central nervous system in dogs. This disease not only affects the dogs, it also affects other animals such as coyotes, foxes, pandas, wolves, skunks, raccoons, and ferrets are also known for being very susceptible to the condition. It takes place in largewild cats, but domesticated cats cannot contract distemper.

Canine distemper is a viral disease, which comes from the paramyxovirus family, that causes measles in humans. This disease affects the important parts of the dog’s body. Such as respiratory, gastrointestinal tracts, spinal card and brain, urogenital system, nervous tissues, and the eyes. This disease is highly contagious, which can contract through inhalationand it easily spreads from one to another, rapidly; it leads to cause a 50% mortality rate.

Contracting the sickness

Canine distemper is one of the most contagious diseases, that easily spread from one dog to another, when it passes fluids or food from an infected dog. Because, dogs leave air droplets while breathing, using same food and serving same water, share dishes in such cases, dogs get infected. The virus is spreaded to unaffected dogs when the affected dog sniffs or eat the urine or feces of an affected dog and this leads to sickness. A fever will spread quickly after 3 to 6 days of initial contact, the affected symptoms are shown. Because, the infection may not take place after 14 to 18 days it shows before that. The multiple dogs get affected by this type of infection, mostly 3 to 6 months age puppies are affected a lot. These puppies are most likely to suffer from serious consequences, even it leads them to death. Even the pups which are seven weeks old would suffer extremely because, they are not vaccinated. Due to limited availability of vaccination, most of the dogs from various region have not vaccinated against the sickness. The dogs are not familiar with medical treatment or vaccination histories, such as rescue dogs which are purchased from the pet store are very susceptible to distemper.

Symptoms of distemper in dogs

The dog which are affected from canine distemper, shows a number of symptoms from their body. Some of the most common symptoms are:

  • Eye inflammation.
  • Water discharge from the nose or eye.
  • Excessive coughing.
  • Feeling difficult while breathing.
  • Vomiting.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Lack or total loss appetite.
  • Lethargy.
  • Dehydration.
  • Incontinence.
  • Seizures.

The dogs have lifelong signs, which are affected from this disease. Some dogs condition are in critical position while others are not.

Lifelong and nonlife-threatening signs of distemper are hardening of the foot pads and corrosion to the enamel of the teeth. If the infection is still present in your dog, then it shows some signs such as hardening or thickening of the pads on the dog feet. It takes much time to cure a dog, which is affected from hard pad.

If it happens in puppies, it will kill the cells that are responsible for producing enamel on the dog’s teeth. This will mostly affect the gum line of teeth. The most life-threatening of the disease can be a deterioration of the mental capabilities, seizures, paralysis, and finally inability to coordinate their movements. The initial stage of this disease leads to deterioration of eyesight, if it is not treated, then it leads to blindness.

Diagnosing distemper

The most obvious sign of distemper causes fever, respiratory problems, neurological problem and thickened footpads. These symptoms can also be caused by canine hepatitis, herpes virus, parainfluenzaand leptospirosis, which challenges the doctor to cure the diagnosing distemper.

Even when a dog is vaccinated for distemper, it is difficult to diagnose. Especially, they have a complete vaccination for elder dogs.

The most common test for diagnosing distemper is known as a Diff-quick solution and next step is to brush the slide against the lining of the dog’s bladder. If any infected cells are found on this lining, it will turn the slide red to indicate that, whether the dog is infected with the disease or not.

Treating distemper

Sorry to say, there is no permanent treatment for distemper, but to ward off an infection that caused by distemper your vet will prefer you with antibiotics. If the infected pet gets dehydrated or showing sign of becoming seriously sick, then the intravenous fluids are recommended by the vet to keep them as hydrated and healthy.

Preventing distemper

Because distemper is a serious disease, which makes the infected pet consequences, prevention is the key to keep your dog healthy always. Providing up to date vaccination for an older dog is important to protect them from this infection, and distemper shot is available for them, whenever needed. If the puppy is six to eight years of age, then it is not the right age to vaccine them. The people those who have puppies are recommended to keep away from the infected dogsand don’t allow your pet to get infected.

Every dog owners should have in mind and make sure that the kennel, food bowls, and other items of your dogs are cleaned regularly, to prevent your pet from spreading infection (distemper).

Distemper is a very serious disease that caused by a virus and makes your pet consequences. If your dog gets affected, the question that arises next is how to prevent it? If your pet shows the warning sign and symptoms. Bring your vet as soon as possible to cure.

Diarrhea in dogs – its causes, symptoms and treatment

Diarrhea is a common problem for both human and animals; it’s easy to find if your dog is now suffering from diarrhea. If they suffer from diarrhea, the stool of the affected dog will be loose, liquid, and the dog will often go to the bathroom. Diarrhea in dogs is alarming, and it’s not a disease. The temporary conditions of this, generally affects the dog’s gastrointestinal tract (GIT).

If a dog has eaten some spoiled food, then diarrhea is a way for eliminating the source from the GIT. The first attempt of diarrhea does not need any medical attention; it is just a warning sign. If it continues, then your dog will definitely need to get some help from the vet.

The actual causes behind diarrhea in dogs: As same like the small issues like providing small bite of spoiled food to the pets to very serious cancer, there are numerous reasons for the cause of diarrhea. When your dog is dealing with diarrhea problem, it’s so important to find the causes of it and stop it from happening again.

Most of the dogs will suffer from diarrhea only when switching to a diet or taking different types of food at a time and others may due to:

  • Intolerance to certain food.
  • Eating garbage foods.
  • Eating toxic plants or taking the other poisonous substance.
  • Due to allergic reaction.
  • Infection, either viral or bacterial.
  • Happens due to inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Disease of kidneys or liver.
  • Certain medications side effects.
  • Colitis.
  • Stress.
  • Symptoms of tumor, including cancerous tumors, inside the GIT.
  • Diarrhea caused due to parasites such as roundworms, coccidian, and giardia.

Parasites and infection cause diarrhea, most of the younger dogs are getting affected due to this problem. When compared to other breeds “German shepherd” is more prone to diarrhea because it has insufficient exocrine in their pancreas.

Common symptoms of dog’s diarrhea

The most common way to find symptoms of diarrhea will be the stool of the dogs that are loose and liquid. However, there are other symptoms that are also available to find that your pet could have diarrhea or not.

  • Excessive flatulence.
  • Mucus or blood in the stool.
  • Lethargy.
  • Dehydration.
  • Fever.
  • Vomiting.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Loss of weight.
  • Black stool, which is very serious symptoms.

Treatment for diarrhea in dogs

Fortunately, if your dog experiences diarrhea and if it clears up in a day, then there is no need of veterinary treatment for your pet. Immediately, after noting down the first symptom of diarrhea, the first step you have to do is: you must keep all the food bowls away from the reach of your dogs. After knowing that your pet suffers from diarrhea, leave them off from taking solid food for 12-14 hours. But make sure that, to give plenty of water to avoid your pet becoming dehydrated.

Providing rice water fast to the affected pet

One of the best ways to control the diarrhea is to feed your dog with rice water fast. This starch will make their intestinal track firm up and it also helps to prevent your dog from dehydration.

In order to prepare the mixture, just take 1:2 radios of rice and water, and allow them to cook for 30 minutes. After it was cooked just strain out the milky colored water and allow it to cool before feeding to your pet. This water can often be given as needed, and one important thing is to use only plain rice water.

Other general treatment

A few probiotics are good for diarrhea and for both human and domestic-animals. Yogurt is a good source of probiotics it gives a solution to reduce diarrhea to your dogs. Instead, some probiotic powder (yeast) may also available in stores. Just sprinkle few quantities into your dog’s food, or mix this powder into rice water and then serve them.

Some medications help to stop diarrhea in dogs, such as Pepto-Bismol and Imodium. These make your dogs feel better and stop or slow their diarrhea. However, without your vet recommendations you shouldn’t give this to your dog. Sometimes over feeding of this too medicine may also cause side effects to the pets.

Once your pet is again ready to take solid food, give small amounts of bland rice, and a small amount of chicken, provide baby food to the pet. Sprinkle some of the probiotics into the rice for further protection.

Going to the vet

Rice water is enough to stop diarrhea in dogs, but sometimes the problem is more serious than these remedies are suggested.

If your dogs do not show any improvement and if it continues vomiting and your pet is also losing weight very rapidly, then it’s time to take them to a vet. Obviously, only a vet could find everything and identifies what could be affecting or causing diarrhea. First, the vet will check for is a sign of dehydration, as this is common in dogs suffering from diarrhea. After that, the vet makes sure if their internal part has any toxins or pathogens.

The vet will like to take several tests to find the causes of diarrhea. The tests such as blood test, radiographs, ultrasound, cultures, endoscopies, and biopsies. A stool sample can also be taken for a test to find the presence of parasites.

Preventing diarrhea

Most of the pet owners will be very eager to know how to prevent diarrhea from dogs? Probably there are few things available to prevent your pet from diarrhea as follows:

  • Provide dogs vaccination up to date at all times. This will help to remove parasites from the dog’s body to make them healthy and happy forever.
  • Get an idea from the vet how to keep your dog free from parasites.
  • Close all the garbage tightly; eating garbage food is the one of the main reason for diarrhea.
  • Always keep eye on your dog. Because they get a chance to have something toxic that will upset their GI tract.
  • Never allow them to eat their own stool or from another animal.
  • Keep your dog always relaxed, comfortable, and responsible for giving secure environment.

Sudden diarrhea in dogs can be very frightening, while in the first time it’s not usually anything too serious, it automatically goes away within 24 hours, if not immediately consult a vet.

Conjunctivitis in Dogs

In the world of pet animals, especially dogs and cats were exposed to viral and bacterial disease. Among such disease, Conjunctivitis is most commonly found in Dogs. Ultimately, Conjunctivitis known by the name pink eye, which is an inflammation found on the outermost layer of the white portion of eye. It is mainly occupied on the inner surface of the eyelid, which makes the eye to appear either as reddish or pink. Amazingly, this type of disease occasionally found either in Human Beings or Pet animals. Pink eye is mainly seen in School aged children’s eye. But this type of problem is hugely found in dog. Conjunctivitis in Dog, initially starts with itchy inflammation called by conjunctiva (i.e) tissue portion covers the eye. It does not distinguish with the categories such as age, breed and gender. Generally, this disease starts affecting one eye and get contagious, this spreads to another eye quickly in short span of time. The Conjunctiva is a moist tissue, which covers the front portion of eyeball and lines of eyelids. Breed Dogs is most likely to have allergies and autoimmune with skin diseases. Conjunctivitis in Dogs leads to dry eyes. As a result of this disease, the dog seems to be much allergic and face many health problems. Conjunctivitis mainly affects dogs and cats.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Conjunctivitis in Dog?


There are many initial signs and symptoms like redness and swelling etc. If we find any such symptoms, we must schedule to fix appointment to veterinarian Doctor and continue with proper treatment. The Doctor will assist to determine this type of conjunctivitis and give suggestions in treating this problem. This disease is threatening the breed dogs and will result in night Blindness. Ultimately, there are few signs noticed in earlier stages of Conjunctivitis in Dog.

Some of the Signs and Symptoms are:

  • Swelling of eyes.
  • Reddish eye.
  • Puffy eye.
  • Watery eyes.
  • Squinting.
  • Discharge from eyes.

What are the Causes of Conjunctivitis in Dog?

Generally, Conjunctivitis causes infection either by Viral or Bacterial infection. Usually, infections are caused by Virus. Other common causes of Conjunctivitis in Dog are allergies, dryness and other irritants etc. Traditionally, Bacterial and viral infections are more infectious and could spread from one person to another. It spreads to all neighbouring pets through contaminated water.

Hemorrhagic conjunctivitis is more contagious disease occurs by means of two enteroviruses namely Enterovirus and Coxsackievirus.

What are the different types of Conjunctivitis in Dog?

Generally, there are different types of Conjunctivitis in dogs which include allergic conjunctivitis, viral conjunctivitis and bacterial conjunctivitis. By closely examining the dog, we can identify the type of conjunctivitis, thereby providing suitable treatment. The different types of conjunctivitis in Dog are listed below.

  • Allergic Conjunctivitis.
  • Bacterial Conjunctivitis.
  • Viral Conjunctivitis.

Allergic Conjunctivitis

By its name, this conjunctivitis occurs by allergy. If the Dog is associated with allergy problem, then it mainly triggers eye problem. There are various source allergy condition in pets, which includes pollen, mold, dust mites, perfumes etc. If these symptoms are found to be an allergic conjunctivitis, then it should be diagnosed with the help of veterinarian doctor. Doctors recommend artificial tear drops and wet compressed on eye for medications.

Bacterial Conjunctivitis

Bacterial Conjunctivitis is more infectious and spreads from contagious objects or water. It is mainly caused by either streptococcus or staphylococcus bacteria, which gets into eyes easily. Pet animals like Dogs, are affected by this type of disease. The doctors recommend antibiotic ointment or drops for this problem. By following doctor’s prescription, we could recover from these problems.

Viral Conjunctivitis

Viral Conjunctivitis is similar to bacterial Conjunctivitis in nature and is extremely infectious. Basically, they are caused by virus that could lose up to three weeks. If these situation persists, then it would lead to common cold, sore throat etc. By consulting the Doctor, he could recommend artificial tears and drops as medication.

How to Diagnose Conjunctivitis in Dog?

After finding out the initial signs and symptoms of Conjunctivitis, the pet owners should consult with veterinary doctor for diagnosing. Initially, he looks at the eye condition of the dog. If the disease is not found in conjunctiva area, then it would be in other parts of the eye. Doctor conducts complete eye checkup to eradicate this disease. Various methods of examination include fluorescein stain, which then spreads on other surface of eyes to make scratches, ulcers etc. The eye is examined thoroughly for finding any foreign material residing on it. Then, we could also conduct glaucoma test for determining the pressure in the eye. Doctor recommends both Microscopic test and Biopsy for further treatment.

In the World of Pet Animals, many diseases are dangerous. Among such disease, Conjunctivitis in dogs is usually life threatening. It may lead to severe problem, if this disease is not treated in right way. This disease also leads to contagious and infections which spread to others easily, which causes the condition more critical. If this disease persists without any further treatment then it will lead to blend.

Tips for Making It Easy For Cleaning Dogs Ears

Generally, dogs have no interest in having their ears cleaned; its certainly been the owners responsibility to make it done perfectly. Moreover, it is very important to examine their dogs ears every week and note down if there is any signs of irritation, infection, dirt and parasites. Dog’s with long, floppy ears are frequently being the victims of ear infections. So, its very important to make a routine ear cleaning as a part of dog-care schedule.

Dogs have very long ear canals, which usually ranges from 5-10 cm, much longer than humans’ ears. Though the wax that is formed inside their ears is dark and low in quantity. Yet, it still attracts several different types of illness causing organisms.

Obviously, the wet ear canals can predispose a dog to infections. When bathing your dog or taking them to a pool, there are chances to get water into their ears and this water can pool down in the horizontal ear canal and increases the risk of infection. So, it is must to keep their ears dry always. The common reason behind canine ear infection is, either due to bacteria’s, ear mites or yeast. Providing your canines a proper ear- cleaning will reduce causing them ear infections.

How to properly clean the Canines ears?

As an initial step to go, just start the dogs’ ear cleaning process with a good belly rub and soothing words. This make them relax and let him/her know that ear cleaning times are not so bad.

Simply look inside each ear for the signs of redness, dirt, discharge or waxy build-up. To clean the dogs’ ears, it is better to choose a mild ear cleaner (inquire with the vet) that is specifically designed to be used on pets. Make sure that the cleaner is free of alcohol, steroids, antibiotics or other toxic materials. Never use alcohol or vinegar, which can irritate the skin of some dogs and might be painful to an already inflamed ear canal. But, few people use a simple half-and-half solution of lukewarm water and vinegar; this is a very gentle mixture that helps to remove the dirt without causing any damage (make sure water is at comfortable temperature).

So next comes is the cooperation; some dogs may show signs of aggression and it would be necessary to use a muzzle before treating their ears. Other than that, the best option is offering treats, and keeping it bag handy that will aid you to offer small rewards throughout the process. And in case of pups, make sure they are relaxed as well as comfortable.

Lay the dog onto a flat surface; if needed ask another person to assist you in the cleaning process. Dip a cotton ball into the mixture prepared or purchased, then squeeze and twist the cotton to remove excess liquid from it. Place several cotton balls into a bowl that contains cleaning solution. Assure to halve the cotton ball if you are working on ears that are very tiny, make sure the cotton ball is damp and do not soak wet. Excessive moisture content won’t be very comfortable to your dogs and can make them upset or unresponsive to the process.

Then, start the cleaning process. At first, clean the outer part of the dog’s ear, make sure you use a very gentle touch as you wipe. And then, clean the inner part of the ears; wipe-out the dirt from where you can easily see. Gently place the cotton balls into the opening of the dog’s ear. Do not place the ball too deep into the ear, stop when you feel resistance; wipe only where you can see. So that the chances of becoming upset will lessen and make sure you do not damage their ear canal.

Since, their ears are more sensitive they become upset when cleaning inside. If the process is done, give them lots of praise for cooperative behaviour and a treat as well.

Things to remember while cleaning dog’s ears

There are few steps to remember while cleaning your dog’s ears in order to make the process safe and easier:

  • Associate cleaning process with something positive – Treats and praises can help with this, along with that a long walk or an extra-long playtime session would probably make them realize that something fun is upcoming after getting their ears are cleaned. It may also make you an easier activity from then on.
  • Avoid using cotton swab’s on a dog’s ears – Cotton swab may push wax and dirt further down into the ear canal; which leads to a severe problem in the future. Simply poking dirt/wax may also cause damage, better use cotton balls or a finger wrapped in gauze, which is especially good for smaller ears.
  • Put everything within reach before you start – Keep all the requirements nearby before starting the process and if you get up in middle to get cotton balls, cleaner or anything you miss, the dog will also get up and it won’t be an easy task to calm them down again (to continue the cleaning process).
  • To use gloves or not to use gloves? – This depends on personal perspective. If you have a habit of growing your nails (would hurt their ears badly) or if you ponder that your hands aren’t clean enough, then you can choose gloves. Or if you are free to use your bare hands, of course you can. But don’t forget to give them a good wash afterwards.
  • Only clean until you feel resistance – Going deeper cleaning would make you meet with cartilage, bone and other important parts of their ear canal. So stop it, when you feel you are there because it may damage or hurt them later.

If the cotton balls you used to clean are very dirty, then it is time to schedule a check-up with your veterinarian. Most dogs will come to like ear cleaning; as long as their ears are comfortable because this is the one place that dog’s can’t scratch themselves when it itching. Over-cleaning or cleaning your dog’s ears too frequently can actually upset the natural flora balance of the ears, which leads to infection. And always check your dog’s ears carefully before cleaning them and if you notice any swelling, foul smell, redness or unusual heat consult a vet immediately. Owners should never attempt to medicate an ear infection on their own.


Causes and prevention of Bladder Stones in Dogs

Dogs are the perfect companion like a friend, and they became a part of our family. They act as a link to connect us to paradise and they do not know about greediness or discontent. The dog shows, unconditional love and loyal, to their respective owners. We need to provide their basic needs like food and shelter. Besides, it is quite important to take care of your dog’s health with regular observation.

Bladder stone is also known as Urolithiasis condition, which causes urinary infection in dogs. These stones are tiny crystals, which are excreted through the urine system. These tiny crystals are aggregated to form stones of variable size and shape within the urinary system, anywhere range from 3 to 4 inches in diameter. Nearly, 80 % of the stones are found in the bladder and they also appear in some parts which includes, kidneys, ureters, urethra or any part of the urinary tract. There are several types of bladder stones that mostly depends on minerals made up of actual stones like: struvite stones which consists of magnesium, phosphate, ammonium, while others are formed from calcium oxalate, calcium phosphate, and ammonium urate. Some type of bladder stones depends on the breed of the dog, and several other factors lead to the formation of the stone. The stones in the bladder are the most common disease in dogs.

What are the causes of Bladder stones?

There are four main factors that have been found, to be the major part for the development of stones in dogs and they are genetics, pH level of the urine, concentration of minerals found in stones, and the bacterial infections.

  • Genetics: Genetics is one of the reasons for the risk occurring in bladder. Only a few percent of all urolith is present in the form of purine stones, but their presence is significant in certain breeds. Bulldogs, Russian Black Terriers and Dalmatians develop urates, due to its genetic metabolic abnormality.
  • Concentration of minerals: Urine is saturated with excess amount of minerals, which resist to form bladder stones and consists of organic substances of proteins and it is surrounded by crystalline minerals. Diet can have a great impact, and is one of the initial step to treat and prevent uroliths. It is more effective, if your dog’s intake large quantity of water.
  • Urine pH levels: pH is an indicator used to measure the hydrogen ion concentration in the urine. The pH level of the urine is unbalanced or the level of urine is acidic in nature, should be checked, in order to avoid the formation of stones in the bladder.
  • Bacterial Infections: Some bacteria cause infections in the urine and cystitis produces an enzyme named urease. It reacts with chemical substances found in urine which causes stones to form. Normal urine is sterile in nature, so it gets affected easily.

What are the symptoms seen in dogs

In earlier, the size of stone is small, but, over time it can grow larger in number. Dogs with bladder stones have the following sign which includes:

  • Strain to urinate and this condition is known as dysuria.
  • Licking around the urinary opening.
  • It shows Discoloured urination.
  • They may have blood in urine or frequent passing of urine in small amount.
  • Causes urinary accidents.

To confirm the presence of these types of stones, apply a dye on bladder and it outlines the stones in the x-ray. On using this method, it shows the white area (dye) with a hole in the centre (stone). If this happens, take an immediate treatment to prevent the bladder from rupturing.

How to diagnose a dog affected from stones

Some bladder stones are not seen on radiographs and they are said to be radiolucent, which means that mineral composition is as such they do not reflect on the x-ray beam. Therefore, they are not seen on the film and they are found only in ultra sound examination. Crystals identified in urinalysis help the vet to identify stones, but it is necessary to note the complete chemical composition in dogs.

Treatment involved in bladder stones

There is several treatment methods for bladder stones in dogs, which are as follows:

A urinalysis & urine culture is used to treat urinary infections and to evaluate the function of the kidney to concentrate urine. Diet is an effective way of treatment, but often dissolves the larger stones. A special diet, have been developed for those dogs which are suffering from bladder stones. They require wet food, which contains fewer minerals and this causes formation of stones in dogs. These can be followed anywhere, and it takes nearly 60-150 days to work. It is not recommended for dogs to follow the diet for a long period of time. Sometimes, medications are prescribed for severe cases. Increase adequate consumption of water/ add broth to their dry food and it is one of the important treatment for dogs. There are chances to take a complete thyroid test for your dogs to analyze the level of thyroid hormone.

Antibiotics, also helps to treat this kind of disease by dissolving crystal or to clear any underlying infections, which will turn to get rid of any infections/stones. If the stones block the passage of urine, then your vet may perform urohydropropulsion, when your dog is under anaesthesia. The vet will flush stones back into the bladder and allows urine to through or to fill the bladder before flushing. If this method doesn’t work, you need to prefer surgery.

Stone analysis is not successful for all types of stones and it is necessary to determine the dissolved successfully or not. In certain cases, it takes longer time to dissolve larger stones. The dog may get affected by several infections like haematuria, dysuria etc, during this period of urethral, infection remains same. Not, all the dogs will follow a special diet, if it is not fed up fully, it won’t work in proper.

Prevention Taken

Once the stones dissolved, diet plays a vital role for preventing recurrence of stones. Add formulated special food for your dogs that block the formation of struvite, urate, crystine crystals and calcium oxalate. To eliminate urinary tract infections in your pets, then you can check urine tract twice a year and this might be helpful for prevention. Adding a small amount of salt to your dog’s water bowl would often increase the amount of water, if your pet drinks.

It is very difficult and painful for your pets; always have a keen eye on your dog to ensure that they are not having problem while passing urine. If you notice some signs, try to treat as soon as possible. When untreated, it may cause some harmful effects. Taking medical attention for your dogs is typical and very simple to treat.

7 Signs Your Dog Is In Pain and Trying To Hide It

Nobody wants to see their dog suffering from pain and still it is difficult for us to digest if our pet’s has any sickness. First, you should be aware of signs and symptoms of our pets that show awareness regarding to dog’s health and helps to diagnose a disease earlier. The Internal Academy of pain Management brings out the slogan “Their Pain Is Our Pain”. Their main aim is to spread it all over the world to make our pet free from dangerous disease in the future. Usually a dog has several kinds of signs, but here we listed the most common signs which they express often.

Seven signs of your Dog:

  • Energy.
  • Gait.
  • Eyes.
  • Appetite.
  • Demeanor.
  • Posture.
  • Breath.


If your pet is active all the time and has been reacting lethargic recently than usual, it means that your dog isn’t feeling well and he might need your observation. If they are affected by lethargic, they feel inactive and always lie down flat on the side, rather than curling up as normal. Some changes occur in movement such as slow and sleepy for longer period than a normal. The affected dogs like to climb up the stairs everywhere and they do not have enjoyment like jumping and bouncing all-time. Most of the affected dogs decrease their active energy level and sometimes it may also manifest a dog’s playing.


Walk is a perfect way to identify whether your dog has any problem or not. If there is any change in their walk, then we can take this as a important sign to identify their health problem. Often have a look on their shelter and try to find out the reason for their illness. If it get affected, it seems to be reluctant to go for a walk or the time duration is the exact method to analyse your dog. Limping, favouring, hobbling are some of the signs of illness and this shows change in their behaviour. In some cases, injury/even arthritis leads to stiff walks and slow speed in their activity.



Changes in eyes are the great indicator of the dog, which get infected and dogs in pain eyes often blink and it will be reddish in colour; in addition to that pupil in eye gets smaller in size or dilated too. Pupil size grows bigger, would also be a sign of a dog, which gets pain in some other body parts. It depends upon the injury or may get affected by some other diseases. The eyes of infected dog will be more painful and some bloodshot may also appear. If you are sure that your dog is in pain, then it tends to squint more. Usually, puppies can be affected a lot than an elder one and it takes more than a couple of days to treat as of pet owner and this could be the larger effects. If you found these many problems in your dog, then you must bring your pet to the vet for treatment as well as council.


Gaining lack of food is another sign to know that your dog suffers a lot from distress. Disinterest in food can also shows that your dog is in sick. They feel discomfort to eat and drink than a usual or if they feel any pain in their mouth or teeth while eating food, then they may produce a drop of saliva from their mouth. If this case, we can come to a conclusion that your dog is in quite dangerous condition and this may cause serious ailments. On the other hand, it leads to weight loss, weakness/languid and vomiting. After this, you have to take your pet immediately to the vet as soon as possible.


Most of the dogs can become defensive when they try to hurt by their owners and sometime they behave very aggressive in their moves. It may happens when a painful area of the dog is moved or touched. It may lead to stress to the dog and it does not have fun with anyone and they don’t give company to their owners and then it slowly become antisocial. The well behaved puppy can change into snappy or bitey due to this problem. The dog which belongs to nervous or shy type gets fear soon and they will not cooperate well to the vet for their treatment. Body language can be the good indicator to pick illness from your pet.


If your dog is hunching over particularly rigid than a normal, then make sure that they are not feeling well. The unusual position makes them to feel trouble in staying at single place constantly. A calm dog in a hectic shelter, probably laid back all the time and hardly energetic dog will runs here and there, it’s too difficult to control them. Every dog predicts has different changes such as while sitting and lying, they don’t feel comfortable. The affected pups place their front legs on the ground and stretch throughout the entire part of abdomen which looks like a play bow. The postural change in dogs makes them to feel more painful, while others will be ‘antsy,’ even more subtle and dropped, this case mostly affected to the dog who has normally a perky tail.


When Dogs experience pain in their body may have a faster and shallow breathing pattern than a normal one. Only excessive panting makes a dog to feel more painful during breathing. The fast breath makes the pet feel restless and panting. Bad breath figure-out problems in their mouth which indicates it has problem in their gastrointestinal tract/internal organs and respiratory system.

These above symptoms, helps you to analyse the source of pain and identify the exact problem of your pet. So, be alert to treat your lovable pet quickly.

7 things you did not know about ShihTzu

Are you reconsidering of buying a dog? Have you always wanted one friend for you in the days you feel lonely? That is the right choice for you as long as you have time and money to take care of one. The Shih Tzu dog breed is one of the most famous dogs in the breed of small and fluffy dogs. Before buying and starting to take care of it, you need to know few things about the dog.

1. One of the cutest dogs

Whether you are dog lover or want to have one this is the best choice for you. The Shih Tzu is one of the cutest dog breeds and is very popular nowadays among the people who have dogs as pets, especially little dogs. It is fluffy and adorable and often people fall for this type of dog, its unbelievably enormous charm and its eyes. Whenever you have free time, besides the time you take care of the dog, you will want to spend more time playing with it. You will not regret of having this little thing in your home.

2. Personality and temperament of the dog

It is a domestic and friendly type that should be treated with kindness, friendliness, tolerance and trust. When is treated with kindness, the dog is gentle and good with the children in the family, but when is mistreated or when someone is not taking a proper care of it, can result in stubbornness and not as tolerant. It is a happy dog and is ready to relax in the family companion, playing with everyone and sitting in the lap.

3. How to give a proper care

This type of dog needs exercise, such as a daily walk in the neighborhood, but not more than a daily walk or a run to the park. It can also plays games in the inside when the weather is not good for activities outside. If you enjoy walks, this is the right companion for you, it is more for walking than jogging. If you are biking often, put a basket on your bike and let the wind plays with the dog. It is that type of dog that is not able to tolerate high temperatures.

Another thing you should take into consideration about the dog’s care is the tendency to get water into its nostrils during the shower and the owners usually use small water bottles to avoid this problem.

Its hair can get dirty and matted with the growing and the coat needs to be combed and brushed almost every day. If you plan to grow the hair of your dog, you will have to commit yourself to a different and grooming activities and schedule in order to manage it easier, because the hair can get out of hands very quickly.

It is recommendable to keep the feet fluffy and the beard long, tail ears and the hair in a size that looks like a skirt on the dog. The hair around the eyes should be short in order to let the dog see well, and long enough so no dust goes into its eyes.

If taken with the proper care, the dog will become an essential part of your life.

4. Dog’s health

The lifetime of the dog is between 11 and 16 years, because some diseases like renal dysplasia, eyelash malformation, inguinal growing hernia, canine hip dysplasia or progressive retinal atrophy can lead to diseases. This dog is also affected from cataract and dental issues. With proper and on time health care the dog can be prevented from these conditions.

5. Training the Shih Tzu

If the dog is friendly and cute, it doesn’t mean training is not required and is a straightforward process. It can be quite stubborn, hard to deal with or headstrong, and get their own way. Also it does not remember things fast, for example, if you make some move or you try to teach your dog to do something in some situation, it doesn’t mean that the dog will remember what is being taught the next day. You need to be patient and start with a basic training like “sit” or “come” if you want to get their attention.

6. Wants to be social

Try to make sure that the dog is always in a company, because it likes to spend time with others. The dog’s tendency to bark is a reason to keep it inside, but even then sometimes barks at anyone or anything. This is because it was bred as a palace watchdog and if it is from a pure line, it will continue barking, since it carries the instinct from its ancestors. It is a good choice to have this type of dog in your home because it has another quality as an alarm system, but not a good choice for those living in apartments. Its barking must be accepted by the owners and treated properly, not taken as an annoying thing that is walking in your home. It can be distracted with playing instead of pushing it away.

7. Background

Its name has a meaning “mini lion” and is believed that this dog has an origin from Tibet in the 1600s and it was considered as a holy animal.

Shih Tzu The lion you can pet

The meaning of the name Shih Tzu is Little Lion. Going by the name, you might expect a creature with a huge body, powerful limbs and claws that are made to tear the flesh off of its preys, but in reality Shih Tzu are anything but fierce, this breed of dogs is very calm and cuddly. They love to follow you around your house and are almost always happy and outgoing. They are a joy to have around your house and instantly make the atmosphere calm and joyous.

History of this breed

Although many mixed breeds are available nowadays, the main Shih Tzu breed’s roots can be tracked back to about 8000 B.C. It has been speculated by a few researchers that this breed of dogs are among the 14 oldest breeds on this planet. It is a popular belief that this breed was developed as a gift for the Chinese royal family by the Tibetan Monks. The breed is said to have come from cross breeding other species with Pekingnese or the Lhasa Apso. Though the actual breeding history is a bit muddy, we do have many paintings or stories dating back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907 A.D.) describing small dogs which have quite a few similarities with Shih Tzu.

The personality and health

Shih Tzu are small dogs, ranging from about 9 to 10.5 inches tall and they weigh somewhere around 9 to 16 pounds. These dogs were bred as a companion, they love following you around always try to stay as close as possible. They won’t play fetch, nor will they guard your house, all they love doing is staying close to you. Shih Tzu are at their happiest when they are the centre of attraction and affection of everyone. They might bark a bit at newcomers but it won’t be long before the newcomers also become a part of his family.

Like almost any dog, there are a few conditions and diseases Shih Tzu tend to catch. These include hip dysplasia, renal dysplasia, patellar luxation, bladder stones-infections, eye problems, and many more. Most of these diseases are easily preventable with a bit of care and if your dog catches any of these, just go to a veterinary doctor and get him sorted out.

Taking care of your Dog

Shih Tzu are basically indoor dogs, they would occasionally enjoy a playing session in the backyard but don’t even consider keeping him in an outside kennel. He is happy to follow you around wherever you go and always check your steps around the house because the pups are small and hard to see and they are going to follow you everywhere, even inside the bathroom. They don’t need much exercise as they aren’t really an active breed, walking around the house and playing with a few toys is enough. It is always recommended that you don’t adopt a Shih Tzu puppy when you have a kid in the house, because the puppy might get hurt. The food your dog eats depends on its size, weight, build etc., so expecting a general food value to work with your dog is wrong, check his needs and feed him accordingly.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel The Most Popular Breed

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is one of the most popular breeds among dogs originated in U.K. It is a toy dog and has smooth silky coat and an undocked tail. They are descended from pug or small toy dogs brought from Europe to Scotland. Initially they were lap dogs for noble class. They grow up to 30-33 cm i.e. 12 to 13 inches weighing 4.5 to 8.2 kg i.e. 10 to 18 pounds. The skull of Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is flat and length of muzzle is long. They have four distinct colours tricolor, black and tan ruby and Blenheim.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is family dogs and needs human interaction. They should not be left alone for long time because they are friendly with both humans and other animal. They are always excited to please and love socializing with big dogs. They are an ideal choice for an owner to keep it as a pet because they have the ability of bonding with other dogs of any breed easily. They are an excellent partner for any elderly person or any medical patients. They are very sporting and quite obedient. Because of their gentle and sweet nature these dogs can also be used for therapy. They are highly adaptable in exercise, long walks or sleeping in couch happily.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel can’t be trusted with roads as they run on busy streets after every moving vehicle. Their lovable nature makes it difficult for them to be watch dogs but they are great hunters. Due to their long hair they need brushing once in a week. Trimming is avoided but many owners trim the slippers so that they don’t get dirty while playing outside.

Some features of Cavalier King Charles Spaniel are:

  • They are adaptable in any environment being it an apartment or garden or any other place.
  • They are easy to manage for the owners except the regular routine of brushing their coat.
  • They are too much sensitive as they have the ability to socialize with everyone even with the strangers.
  • They don’t love staying alone as they want to please people and attract them towards it.
  • They can tolerate cold weather but not the hot weather because of their double coating.
  • This is an ideal dog for family he easily gets affected to anyone.
  • Due to his affection and lovable nature kids also love him.
  • They need regular grooming to stay health and clean.
  • They don’t put on weight because of their sporting and playing nature.
  • They can easily be trained from youth so that they learn quickly and easily.
  • They are intelligent and have decision making powers because of training practices.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is cute, sweet, adorable and social which makes him ideal as a pet for people who are old and have small kids. Apart from being cute and sweet they are intelligent and have some decision power with them.

The Little Lion – Shihtzu

Shihtzu is a dog’s breed whose origin is in China. These dogs are very friendly and they do not harm their masters. They have long hairy body and have locks. With his friendly nature Shihtzu attracts and melt hearts of many people. They are soft and can be used as pillows. It is really hard to ignore this dog even for other breed as he loves to make new friends. Chrysanthemum Dog is name given to this dog describing his facial hair.

Some characteristics of Shihtzu are:

  • He easily adapts the apartment living, understands owners voice, sensitivity level is not an issue and he can live in hot weather.
  • He easily gets attached to family, kids, strangers and even dogs. This means he loves meeting new people.
  • If Shihtzu gets training he will soon be intelligent as he is easy to train. He doesn’t bark or howl seeing people after getting trained or knowing them.
  • He is very playful but gets tired soon.
  • He has one most important feature i.e. underbite.
  • Shih tzu is very honest dog with few demands and tantrums than other breeds.

He is easy to train so people train him for different sports, activities and play with him. Weight of a full grown dog is 10-19 pound i.e. 4.5-8.6 kgs. Their eyes are dark and when Shihtzu stand their height is 28cm or 11 inches. Body is fully covered with hair and has curly furry tail because of which grooming is necessary at every interval. They are very loyal and easily get affected with people and different breed of dogs. Apart from being friendly he is a great watch dog as he very active and alert by nature. Shihtzu is very stubborn when you try to train him so the training should start from very young age. They can be of black, brown, white, gold, liver and white, brindle, etc. Female Shihtzu can litter 2-6 puppies at a time.

Shihtzu loves to curdle in lap and is an incredible pet for old people. The power or cuteness to socialize with every person or dog is really commendable. Though he is small but he is tough and needs less exercise. Shihtzu is a bit stubborn and notorious and needs trimming at regular interval this might be seen as a problem for the owners. To train Shihtzu the owner or trainer needs patience and consistency to teach them.

Shihtzu breed suffers some health problems. They are breathing problems, eye issues, hypothyroidism, etc. some of these diseases are hereditary. Middle aged dogs usually suffer from these problems because of weak immune system, small face and head or because of weak liver. They may also suffer from eye infection or any skin diseases. Diseases can be cured by operation, surgery or drug therapy. Due to these diseases dogs might die before completing their full life span of 10-16 years. As the dogs are so friendly with strangers this shows how much affection they have for their owner.