The symptoms, cause and treatment of diabetes in dogs
In recent times, the widespread occurrence of diabetes rampant is not only limited to us, but it also increasing among the dogs as well. Diabetes is a disease that is caused by an absolute storage of insulin in dogs. After our dogs eat, their digestive system starts to break the foods into several components including the glucose, which travels via insulin into the dog’s cells. Insulin denotes a hormone made by the pancreas that keeps blood sugar level from getting too high or too low. Type I diabetes produce due to not enough secretion of insulin hormone. While Type II diabetes probably occurs due to producing of high insulin or does not respond to control.
The dog’s body does not produce the insulin on its own; they really need an insulin therapy. It is highly dramatic, but it is one of the basic requirements of dogs to live. Commonly, Type I diabetes are seems among the dogs, but Type II is opposite to Type I, it is not being well found spread among the dogs.
Dogs between the ages of 6 to 9 experience diabetes in their life. But, Juvenile diabetes is occurring in the puppy years. It is mostly seen in Golden Retrievers and Keeshonds. Not all dogs are exposed to get affected with diabetes, yet some breeds are under the risk to get affected, such as: Dachshunds, Keeshonds, Samoyeds, Australian Terriers, Poodles, standard and miniature Schnauzers.
Causes of Diabetes in Dogs
Diabetes is not occurring with a single reason. Yet, it arises from different factors that are basic causes of the development of the disease. And some are as follows:
- Auto-immune disease.
- Certain medications
- Abnormal protein deposits in the pancreas.
Symptoms of Diabetes in Dogs
It is well noted by the pet owners that their pet’s pancreas loses its ability to produce insulin on its own. Along with that, there are many symptoms that show the signs of the diabetic disease. If our dogs would suffer from any symptoms, we have to consider the vet about diabetes testing.
These are the common symptoms of diabetes in dogs:
- Urination increases.
- Weight loss.
- Thirst and water consumption level increases.
- A Fruity odor on their breath.
- Changes in appetite.
- Urinary tract infections.
- Formation of cataracts which can lead the dogs to blindness.
- Skin infections.
Diagnosing Diabetes in Dogs
To diagnose diabetes, the vet would take many tests including blood work and urinalysis. Before that, they discuss with us about our dogs, which suffer from any signs and symptoms of diabetes or not. They also do some physical exams by checking the areas of soreness, swelling or discoloration of the skin.
Treating Diabetes in Dogs
Before the diabetes treatment given to the dogs, the vets will analyze the lab work to find correct insulin level. According to the lab results and symptoms of dogs, the vet will decide that what is the best treatment option that can be given to our dogs. In addition, they also consider other health issues that could make more difficult to deal the diabetes treatment.
After diagnosis, if it is found that the dog extremely suffers from diabetes then, they must be under the control of vets in the hospital for a few weeks. So, that their blood sugar level can supervised by the vets. Suppose, after the first diagnosis, if the dog not suffers from any risk then, only oral medication is enough with a combination of a diet high in fiber, which brings glucose level back into normal or balance it.
Insulin injections are must for the dogs that suffers from diabetes, because, it helps to bring the glucose level to an average level. Every day these insulin injections are to be given to the dogs, on the basis of the dosage suggested by the vet, based on the dogs weight. The vet will also show us that how to manage the insulin spots, which will be very useful once our dog gets back to our home. They will make sure that we are comfortable with the process are not. The vet also teaches us that how to take glucose tests at home, so only we can measure and check our dog’s condition level.
At home, insulin spots would be given for every day. But, simultaneously regular meals should also be given, because the insulin level will be a high peak, through the bloodstream, when the nutrients are passing that way, which helps the blood sugar to be in balance. Normally, the vet will give a daily feeding schedule with the time that will help us to keep up a record for our The vets also offer another way to see the blood sugar level by providing a daily schedule for glucose tests. They also discuss a routine exercise and proper nutrition for our dogs. Stay away while treating the dogs that are being addicted with diabetes is certainly a good thing to be followed.
Preventing Diabetes in Dogs
Our duty is to keep our dogs as healthy as possible; this is the only mode to prevent them from diabetes. While juvenile diabetes is an inherited one, there are many treatments and precautions are available to prevent diabetes from puppies. Proper diet and regular exercise are enough for our dogs to be healthy, but they must these things as a daily routine. And we must try to keep our dog’s weight in control, as obesity is certainly an irregular reply to insulin.
If we might think that our dogs have diabetes, immediately we get them to the vet as soon as possible. This is more important because they need a treatment before becoming a sicker. Untreated diabetes in dogs, might lead to many health problems, including urinary track problems, coma, cataracts and even death. The diabetes dogs receive proper treatments, usually live long and happy lives.
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