Dog Flu – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Dog flu is also known as canine flu or canine influenza; it takes the pet owners to a great concern, regarding their dog’s health and its well-being. Since dog’s flu is very common in some countries such as Thailand and China, the rapidly spreading of canine flu is quite bothering among the pet owners. Moreover, the flu occurrence in the United States is seemed to be relatively low until April 2014 as per the report. Later, in April 2015 in Chicago and other Midwestern states, it is stated that more than 1000 dogs got infected by the flu within a year. And in June 25, 2015 nearly 55 cases had been reported for flu incidence. Even in Lowa, Massachusetts and Indiana, few cases had been reported. As with continuous spreading of this disease, the pet owners are in an anxious state, about their beloved pet’s health.

Prevention tactics and awareness would be very beneficial in order to get away from infection, even though, if you look for any symptoms, take your dog immediately to the vet for further treatment.

Symptoms of Dog Flu:

  • Coughing.
  • Variable fever.
  • Breathing difficulties.
  • Rapid breathing.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Sneezing.
  • Lethargy.
  • Nasal discharge, that turning to thick mucus of a green or yellow colour.

It is also important to remember that, some dogs with flu never show any symptoms at first and hence, it is very essential to show attention to your dog’s health particularly if you are living in a surrounding, that has been infected by the dog’s flu.

Causes of Canine Flu

A H3N8 and H3N2 are the two viruses that are causing the canine flu. The centres for Disease Control and Prevention says that, these diseases are transmitted only to animals and it will not transmit to human beings.

Canine flu is a contract disease that spread from one animal to another animal when they get contracted with each other. This may even happen, while sharing the toys of an infected animal or during sneezing.

Breeds Most at Risk for Canine Flu

Young puppies and older dogs are more prone to high risk. Moreover, dogs such as Pugs, French bulldogs and Pekinese are more likely to suffer for severe complications, because of their short respiratory tract.

Prognosis for Canine Flu

With appropriate treatment and affectionate care, most of the dogs that are infected by canine flu will recover to normal healthy life within two to three weeks. In case, if the infectious condition exists for a long period, then it would lead to severe pneumonia and it might be more dangerous to the dog’s health. So, always monitor your dog’s health and take for regular checkups.

Treatment for Canine Flu

It is necessary for an infected dog, to take lot of rest, as well as with a plenty of water to drink. By doing so, it will be beneficial for flushing out the toxins from the body.
Subsequently, antibiotics also should be taken necessarily. In order to combat the infectious agents that are still persist in the lower range. Even though, the infection might get cleared up within two to three weeks, it is vital to take antibiotics to eliminate the secondary infection.

Prevention of canine flu

The first and foremost preventative measure for canine flu is vaccination. Vaccinating the pets for canine flu would help to lower the incidence of canine flu and even sometimes it prevents from the flu occurrence. In case, if your pet was still contracted by the flu, the prior vaccination helps in reducing the severity of the disease and further helps in quick recovery.


Being a pet owner, it seems to be really scary about the canine flu, so follow certain guidelines in order to prevent the dog from the canine flu. In case, if your pet gets contracted, then timely clinical treatments are required for curing it.

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