Among the watching and guarding dog breeds, German shepherd will always take top place. Initially, this large-sized dog was bred in Germany in 1899 for guarding sheep herds. It is their intelligence, sharpness, strength, physicality and abilities that today, German Shepherds are used at services like police, military, detective agencies and so on. Here, you will get detail of this dog breed.
German Shepherds belong to the large dog breed as they are 55 to 65 cm long and weigh around 30 to 40 kg for males. In case of female, the weight is around 22-32 kilo. The medium sized, brown eyes will determine its intensity and courage while the erected ears show its alertness. Their neck is long which is raised when they get excited. The bushy tail gives a furry look to this athletic dog.
German shepherds can be of several colors, but the most common variation is of red-black or brownish black. The rare color variations include all-black, sable, blue varieties and even all-white German Shepherds.
They come with double coats. They shed the outer coat almost all year long, but the undercoat is thick and stable. There are two gene-varieties that produce long-haired dog and medium-haired dog. The long-hair variety is rare and it needs regular grooming.
You won’t want to mess up with German Shepherds. They are highly active and self-assured dogs. They are very obedient to their owners and they are bred in a way to listen to their owner. But, they are over-protective to their family and house. So, you need to train and groom your German shepherd puppy to get socialize. They don’t like strangers and intruders and don’t get along with them very fast.
They are famous for their intelligence. Their high intelligence and obedience has made them one of the most active dogs in services like military, guards, police, etc. They have been proved to be the best search and rescue dogs. They are very quick learner and their memory is quite sharp.
They are sturdy breed, so they don’t have severe health issues. And their metabolism is so high that they quickly recover from any small issues. Still, there are certain health issues that disturbs German Shepherds-
- Hip and elbow dysplasia.
- Spinal stenosis.
- Ear infections.
- Degenerative myelopathy.
If you are planning to bring one at home, you should bring a puppy as grooming it will be easier than an older dog.
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