It is quite common to get panicky if you see blood on the nose of your Shih Tzu. This occurrence – called acute epistaxis – is quite sudden. You should always be aware of the health condition of your dog as there are many reasons why epistaxis may happen. It may be just a simple bleeding or it may be a dangerous medical condition. The foremost thing that you should do when you see blood on the muzzle of your dog is to relax. In case you panic your pet will also panic and this will cause further bleeding. SO just relax, grab a clean cotton / gauze and wipe the blood.
Since there are many reasons why the dog may be bleeding, do not give anything to the dog just yet. You might end up giving something that will increase the bleeding. To stop the bleeding at the moment just put an ice cold pack on the muzzle and put some pressure. Do not leave the ice there continuously. Remove it at regular intervals and apply it once again. When you are doing this keep a close watch on your dog. If the bleeding continues then consult the vet immediately. Even if the bleeding is periodic and it has stopped after you have applied ice pack then also you should consult a vet. Epistaxis happens when the capillaries of the nasal tract gets burst suddenly. Usually sudden fluctuation in temperature or the weather that creates the tension in the blood vessel lining causes this. There are other factors of nose bleed also. Some of them are consumption of rodenticide, Von Willebrand’s disease [deficiency in coagulating factor], liver damage, bone marrow disease, anaphylactic reaction to drugs, tumor or fungal growth on the nasal passage and tick induced diseases like Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever or Ehrlichiosis.
The vet will usually run some tests to know the cause of the bleeding. The vet may also perform some blood checkups, coagulating factor examinations, kidney and liver checks and will also diagnose for tick borne diseases. In case the bleeding is stopped by ice pack application the just keep your dog under observation for 24 hours for any re-occurrence before consulting the vet.
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